The Ponce Massacre

Book - 12-10

“Wanton killing of innocent civilians is terrorism.”

– Noam Chomsky

In 1934, Pedro Albizu Campos led an island-wide agricultural strike which paralyzed the US sugar corporations and won a great victory for the sugar cane workers, by raising their wages from 45 cents to $1.75 per 12-hour day.

From that moment on, Albizu was a marked man. Arson and bomb threats were made against his home. FBI agents tapped his phone, read his mail, and followed him all over the island. In 1936 he was arrested and imprisoned for “advocating the overthrow of the US government.”

On March 21, 1937, in his hometown of Ponce, a peaceful march was organized on behalf of Albizu Campos.

It was Palm Sunday. Men, women and children arrived from all over the island, dressed in their Sunday finest, waving palm fronds at each other. A five-piece band started playing La Borinqueña (the Puerto Rican national anthem) as the peaceful march began.

And then a shot rang out.

Iván Rodriguez Figueras fell like a rag doll.

A second shot exploded and an 18-year old poking his head out a window, fell down dead.

A third shot dropped Obdulio Rosario, carrying a palm leaf crucifix.

The Ponce Massacre begins:
Tommy guns fire at top of photo, rifles at bottom.

Everyone tried to run in all directions – but they couldn’t escape because two hundred policemen with Tommy guns and rifles were stationed all around them. They blocked every escape route, and created a killing zone. Then they started firing.

 A boy was shot on a bicycle.

 A father tried to shield his dying son, and was shot in the back. 

An old man flew upward, his body split almost in two.

The police fired for over ten minutes. They shot into several corpses. They fired over the corpses, as if they didn’t exist…


They chased people down the side streets, shooting and clubbing anyone they could find.

They clubbed a man to death on his own doorstep.

They clubbed 53-year old Maria Hernandez del Rosario on the head so hard, that her gray matter spilled out onto the street and people kept slipping on it.

They shot a 7-year old girl in the back, as she ran to a nearby church.

They shot a man on his way home, as he yelled “I’m a National Guardsman.”

They shot men, women and children in the back, as they were trying to run away.

The bullets flew everywhere.

A Cadet of the Republic, Bolivar Márquez Telechea, dragged himself to a wall. Just before dying, with his own blood, he managed to write “Long live the Republic, Down with the Murderers,” and signed it with three crucifixes.

A few moments later, Bolivar Márquez Telechea stopped moving forever. 

The police shot for thirteen minutes. By the time they finished  seventeen men, one woman and a 7-year old girl were dead, dozens were maimed for life, and over two hundred more were gravely wounded – moaning, crawling, bleeding, begging for mercy in the street.

The air seethed with gun smoke, as everyone moved in a fog of disbelief. The policemen swaggered about. Blood covered the entire scene. When the smoke finally cleared over Aurora and Marina streets, the following lay dead:

  • Ivan G. Rodriguez Figueras
  • Juan Torres Gregory
  • Conrado Rivera Lopez
  • Georgina Maldonado (7-year-old girl)
  • Jenaro Rodriguez Mendez
  • Luis Jimenez Morales
  • Juan Delgado Cotal Nieves
  • Juan Santos Ortiz
  • Ulpiano Perea
  • Ceferino Loyola Pérez (insular police)
  • Eusebio Sánchez Pérez (insular police)
  • Juan Antonio Pietrantoni
  • Juan Reyes Rivera
  • Pedro Juan Rodriguez Rivera
  • Obdulio Rosario
  • Maria Hernandez del Rosario
  • Bolivar Márquez Telechea
  • Ramon Ortiz Toro
  • Teodoro Velez Torres


When there was no one left to shoot, the Police Chief did some quick  thinking. He noticed that a cameraman from El Mundo, Ángel Lebrón Robles, was running all over the street photographing everything. He also noticed a police officer, Eusebio Sánchez Pérez, who had been killed by their own machine gunfire. Orbeta called over the El Mundo photographer, plus several of his men, and staged a series of “live action” photos to show that the police were ”returning fire” from Nationalists who were, at this point, lying dead in the street.

The first photo showed the dead officer Sánchez Pérez.

The next photo showed two officers “exchanging fire” with no one. There’s no one left in the street, a dead body lies about twenty feet away, and right in front of them lay a ghoulish prop – the corpse of dead officer Sánchez Pérez (again).

In a third photo, the Chief of Police and two men scan the rooftops for “Nationalist snipers.” Everyone is neatly arranged yet again, around the corpse of Officer Eusebio Sánchez Pérez – to suggest that Nationalists were “shooting down” at the police, who were only engaged in “self defense.”

The transparent ruse did not work. Every island newspaper reported that there was no one to “exchange fire” with. Six days after the massacre, Florete magazine ran an illustration by popular cartoonist Manuel de Catalán.

“Now we can say that they shot at us from the rooftops.”

It was an exact re-creation of the staged photo with the Police Chief and his two hapless policemen: staring up at the rooftops, looking for non-existent snipers, while the photographer says “cheese.” Under the cartoon, the caption read: “Ahora podemos decír que nos dispararon desde las azoteas.” (Now we can say that they fired at us from the rooftops).

A doctor from a local hospital, José A. Gándara, testified that many of the wounded he’d seen – including women and children – had been shot in the back. Ever island newspaper, especially El Imparcial and El Mundo, ran photos of the scene: showing walls and buildings pockmarked from all the machine gun fire.

Machine gun bullets in the walls, after the Ponce Msssacre.

Their front pages screamed about the Ponce Massacre, and repeated the words of Bolivar Márquez Telechea, which had been written in his own blood:

El Imparcial

In the towns of Ponce and Mayagüez, over 20,000 mourners attended the funeral ceremonies for the victims:

30,000 people - San Juan Plaza

An independent commission reviewed all the evidence and photographs. Over 30,000 people swarmed into San Juan’s Plaza Baldorioty, and the University of Puerto Rico campus in Rio Piedras, to hear the commission findings.

After a ten-day investigation they determined that the Palm Sunday shootings were not a “riot” by Puerto Ricans, but a police MASSACRE.

 1937 Ponce Masacre
El Mundo, May 24, 1937

To this day, the Ponce Massacre stands as a monument of official brutality: a terrorist act by the government itself.

It was a message from the U.S. to the people of Puerto Rico.

It was a state-sponsored slaughter of unarmed men, women and children, for the purpose of frightening them into total submission.

It was murder in broad daylight, on Palm Sunday.

For a more detailed discussion of the Ponce Massacre, how the U.S. media reported it, and how Gov. Blanton Winship tried to cover it up, please read…

War Against All Puerto Ricans: Revolution and Terror in America’s ColonyBuy it now

18 Comments on “The Ponce Massacre

  1. ¡Y aún hay borincanos que son estadistas! ¡Por favor!


  2. My uncle Ivan G Rodriguez Figuera,
    Grandfather Jenaro Rodríguez Méndez
    We’re masacres there ..
    My uncle Ivan Rodriguez was arrested.
    I go to mayaguez to see his resting place !


  3. I want to start a movement and hold those accountable!!! Whose in??


  4. Absolutely disgusting, our own innocent people, children, women, slaughtered for defending our country.¡Viva Puerto Rico Libre!🇵🇷


  5. The Ponce Massacre is only one, albeit the most egregious, of the many violations of the human rights of the Puerto Rican people at the hands of the United States Empire and its lackeys. Sad to say, Puerto Rico will not attain its independence in the near future. One reason for this is the undeniable fact that too many puertorriqueños suffer the effects of the Stockholm syndrome. Another reason is the total control exercised by the United States. ¡Viva Puerto Rico Libre!


  6. My relative Elias Beauchamp answered this a few days later. My great uncle lived in Rio Piedras until he passed and my father was born in Ponce. I didn’t know much about this story until recently. Looking forward to reading the book.


  7. My relative Elias Beauchamp answered this a few days later. My great uncle lived in Rio Piedras until he passed and my father was born in Ponce. I didn’t know much about this story until recently. Looking forward to reading the book.


  8. My wife family is from Ponce and she also was born in Ponce and she couldn’t believe that they would kill their own people. She had not heard this story ever, very sad, she was born 12 years after the massacre,but her Mom relocated to NY. When she 7.


  9. Treat the people of Puerto Rico with respect. I come from England and i live in England and it makes me angry how America treats the people of Puerto Rico.As for the Ponce massacre that was a disgrace.


  10. The trigger was pulled by so called “Puerto Ricans” Bootlickers in the police serving as USA stooges ready to murder their Puerto Rican Brothers and to protect their masters. If you take a brainless fool willing to obey everything and never question anything and give to him a badge and a gun this is what you have.


  11. This represents the lack of political leadership roles, management, controls, and supervision. Human Rights openly violated, and a freedom of civility not yet defined.


  12. so,, who “”pull the trigger “”,, islanders cops,, or the gringo’s,,it was on the Island,,right,,?🇵🇷


  13. After this massacre from the United States government and now the Island is in poverty what else can we expect?


  14. How on earth could the inhumanity be hidden for so long? What was the U.S,A, valuing more than life itself? How was this not responded to in kind? Why was this so efficiently covered up? The bond between this tragic and brutal display of complete disregard for human life and the concept of total savagery cannot be forgotten. Catch 22’s are that way. The future of our island nation was sealed by its puppet government when it placed the value of sugar and greed above all that is humane. Its still has not changed and as long as the Travesty of the U.S. CONSTITUTION continues to deny its citizens equal rights for all this quagmire will continue for the forseeable future. SOME FUTURE. Puerto Rico has suffered its shame long enough.


  15. wow. the town where I was born, this story fills me with so much hate for the government & local police authorities that can go along with orders to murder their own. may they burn in hell forever!


  16. What a terrible tragedy and to think that the Police were involved!!


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