“There will be war to the death against all Puerto Ricans.”
– Puerto Rico Chief of Police, E. Francis Riggs
When it won the Spanish-American War in 1898, the U.S. acquired Puerto Rico as a new “possession.” The American who led the invasion, Gen. Nelson A. Miles, promised “liberty” to Puerto Ricans. He also promised “prosperity” and “the advantages and blessings of enlightened civilization.”
This never occurred. Puerto Rico was stripped of her land and natural resources by U.S. banking syndicates. By 1934, the theft was so extreme that Puerto Ricans organized an island-wide agricultural strike. In response to this strike the Yale-educated Chief of Police, whose father owned the Riggs National Bank, promised that “there will be war to the death against all Puerto Ricans.”
This web site documents some of that war.
It documents the murder of innocent Puerto Ricans; the bombing of Puerto Rican towns; the blackmail of Puerto Rico’s governor; the beating, torture and execution of Puerto Rican prisoners; and the hiding of all this information from the American public.
This web site also presents a short biography of Pedro Albizu Campos, leader of the Nationalist Party of Puerto Rico, who devoted his entire life to the independence of his country. Albizu never realized that dream. Instead, he spent 25 years in jail: where he was systematically tortured, then declared insane.
More in-depth information on Albizu Campos and all of these historical areas – with extensive footnotes, sources and bibliography – can be found in my book:
Thank you for visiting, and for learning about this history.