On three separate occasions – in 1935, 1943 and 1945 – the U.S. offered Puerto Rico its independence. Each time, the political leaders of Puerto Rico rejected it.
The chief opponent to this independence was Luís Muñoz Marín.
Not just once, but on all three occasions, Muñoz Marín hurried up to Washington, D.C. to testify against the independence of Puerto Rico. Here is a headline from 1935: the front page of El Imparcial newspaper.
This front page headline threw Muñoz Marín into a panic. Repeatedly he told the U.S. Congress, that if they approved the independence bill of Senator Millard Tydings, then Puerto Rico would “physically perish within five years.”
In opposing the Tydings independence bill, Muñoz Marín even defied his own government. In 1945 eleven of nineteen senators, twenty-two of thirty-nine representatives, and forty-two of seventy-three mayors favored the Tydings bill.
All told, 57 percent of Puerto Rico’s democratically elected representatives officially supported independence. The unofficial percentage was probably higher, since many elected officials were hesitant to contradict their leader and party president, Muñoz Marín.
Despite this 57 percent, Muñoz Marín flew up to Washington and testified, under oath, that the people of Puerto Rico were opposed to the Tydings independence bill.
This was a strange flip-flop on the part of Muñoz Marín. His party, the PPD, had always campaigned with the slogan of PAN…TIERRA…LIBERTAD.
But after he gained office, and after he became governor, Muñoz Marín forgot about the “LIBERTAD” part of his platform.
In 1946, Muñoz Marín abandoned the pretense of supporting any form of independence for Puerto Rico.
In a two-day conclave of the Popular Democratic Party (the PPD) on July 3 and July 4, 1946, he announced that he was no longer an independentista. After a furious ten-hour debate, filled with threats and arm-twisting, the PPD adopted Muñoz Marín’s position and dropped independence from its platform.
The announcement was made on July 4.
Two years later, Muñoz Marín became the first “democratically elected” governor of Puerto Rico.
For a history of the War Against All Puerto Ricans, read the book…
Si prefiere ver la página web en español por favor visite: http://www.guerracontratodoslospuertorriquenos.com
LA PATRIA -: noun – latin-
Derived from the Latin word
“Pater”- meaning “Father”
Dictionary defines it as:
Fatherland, Country of your
Birth, Native Land.
IT is still under the control of another power, sir.
Por Eso Es gue estamos jodidos por see pensamiento de Jorge Rivera. Wake and see how this system sees us Puerto Ricans,bad bad and more bad
Thank you for your post…I, as many others had never heard of this…thank you again.
And he was RIGHT! Not on the Puerto Rico dying part, but on opposing independence. Look at the Latin American Republics and you will see the REAL MISERY of what independence would have brought to Puerto Rico. He could have been the PRESIDENT of that REPUBLIC but Don Luis Muñoz Marín “HIZO PATRIA” when he gave up his own independent ideology to stay under the US Constitution for a much better future for HIS PEOPLE. And time HAVE PROVEN HIM RIGHT over and over again. Yes, even to today with all our economical problems Puerto Rico IS BETTER of today than if it would have chosen independence on those three times.
Miguel angel Ruiz,
The article you posted was fantastic, Thankyou. They touch the issue of Puerto Rico being a colony – belong to but not a part of.
But they forgot to go into, all the FBI and CIA did in PUERTO RICO To DESTROYED the INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT. They said, today the independence movement in Puerto Rico is very small. There is a reason for that! The Carpetas! The FBI AND THE CIA with the insular police (carpetas) destroyed the movement. It is a miracle, so many of us today still speak of and want independence.
SO the fact that — el PUTO MU~OZ MARIN, refused to accept the –LIBERTY FOR PUERTO RICO, is the culprit that our ISLAND , IS STILL THE SLAVE OF US. HE DID NOT ASKED THE POPULATION FOR THEIR INPUT IN THE MATTER. HE JUST SPOKE FOR EVERYONE, –DENIYING THE PUBLIC THEIR CHANCE TO CHOOSE. WHAT A DEAD PRICK.
Quite frankly Mr. Marin was quite intelligent to forget. He actually personally profited from it and since then that precedent was set in place from many other “leaders” to follow in his footsteps.
Cuando vendes tu alma al mejor postor, lo dado regresa doblemente incrementado a su comprador, porque ademas de su precio viene tambien esta alma con el.
In reality Muñoz Marìn hidden agenda was ” Pan-Tierra-OPIUM”.
And no child without a father
Reblogged this on It Is What It Is and commented:
It almost happened … Three times! The “great” Luis Muñoz Marin stopped it …. for his personal gain!